Vaginal discharge: know everything about it. Vaginal discharge is often time a normal and steady occurrence. Though, there are certain types of vaginal discharge that can indicate infection. Abnormal vaginal discharge may be green or yellow, or foul smelling. Bacteria or yeast infection usually causes abnormal vaginal discharge. If you notice vaginal discharge that’s unusual and smells foul, you are advised to see your doctor for treatment and diagnosis.
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Different Types Of Vaginal Discharge
1. Clear and watery vaginal discharge
Clear and watery vaginal discharge is considered to be normal. It might occur at any time of the month. Most a times it do occur after heavy exercise.
2. White vaginal discharge
Some of white vaginal discharge, most especially at the beginning and the end of menstruation cycle, is classified normal. However,if the discharge is mixed with itching and has a thick cottage cheese like consistency or appearance, it’s said to be abnormal and needs urgent treatment. This kind of vaginal discharge could be a sign of a bacteria or yeast infection.
3. Clear and stretchy vaginal discharge
When a vaginal discharge is clear but stretchy and mucous-like, rather than watery, it shows that you are likely ovulating. This is an accepted type of vaginal discharge.
4. Bloody or brown vaginal discharge
Bloody or vaginal discharge is normal, especially when it occurs during or immediately after your menstruation cycle. Late discharge at the end of your menstruation cycle can look brown instead of red. You might experience a small quantity of bloody discharge between period. It’s called spotting. If spotting occur during the usual time of your menstruation and you have recently had sex unprotected, it may be a sign of pregnancy. Spotting during an early stage of pregnancy could be a sign of miscarriage, you should discuss with your doctor.
In some cases, bloody or brown vaginal discharge can be a sign of endometrial or cervical cancer. It may be other problems such as fibroid or abnormal growth. That’s why it’s paramount to have a yearly pelvic exam and pap smear. Your gynecologist will check for cervical abnormals during these procedure.
5. Green or yellow vaginal discharge
A green or yellow vaginal discharge, when it is chunky, or accompanied by an unusual smell, is abnormal. This type of vaginal discharge could be a sign of infection. It is mostly spread through sexual intercourse.
Causes of vaginal discharge
Pay attention to know about vaginal discharge
Usual or normal vaginal discharge is a healthy body function. It is your body’s way of sanitizing and protecting the vagina. It is normal for vaginal discharge to increase with sexual arousal and ovulation. Practice, use of birth control pills, and emotional stress might also lead to vaginal discharge. Unusual vaginal discharge is normally caused by infection. Pay attention to know about vaginal discharge
It’s another type of infection that is caused by a protozoan, or single-celled organism. The infection is usually spread through sexual intercourse but can also be contracted by sharing bathing suits or towel. It leads to green or yellow vaginal discharge that has a foul smell. Inflammation, pain, and itching are common symptoms though some people don’t always experience any symptoms.
It is a quite usual bacteria infection. It causes increased vaginal discharge that has a foul, strong, and sometimes fishy smell. Although it produces zero symptoms in some cases. Women who have oral sex or receive multiple sexual partners have increased risk of getting this infection.
A yeast infection is a fungal infection that produces white , cottage cheese-like discharge in addition to itching and burning sensations. The presence of yeast in vagina is health normal, but its growth can double out of control in certain conditions. The outline may increase your likelihood of yeast infections.
- Use of birth control pills
Gonorrhea and chlamydia
Gonorrhea and chlamydia are sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that could produce an abnormal vaginal discharge. It is most times greenish, cloudy and yellow in color.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
PID is an infection that is commonly spread through sexual intercourse. It happens when bacteria spread up the vagina and pass into other reproductive systems. It could produce a heavy foul smelling vaginal discharge.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
This infection is commonly waxed through sexual intercourse. It can lead to cervical cancer, while no symptoms will exist. This type of cancer can produce a brown, bloody and watery vaginal discharge accompanied with foul smell. Cervical cancer can easily be screened for with yearly pap smear and HPV test.
When to seek medical assistance
Pay attention to know about vaginal discharge
When you have unusual vaginal discharge coupled with certain other symptoms, it’s wise you see your doctor. The commonest symptoms include the followings
- Pain in the abdomen
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased urination
If you have any concerns regarding whether a vaginal discharge is normal, make out time to see your doctor or technician.
What to expect when meeting your doctor
When you meet your doctor for abnormal vaginal discharge, you will get a physical exam including pelvic exam. The doctor will also ask you some questions about the symptoms, your monthly cycle and your sexual activities. In most cases, infection may be detected through pelvic or physical exam.
When your cannot figure out the problem immediately, he might require some tests. Your doctor may likely don’t want to take a scraping from your cervix to check for HPV or cervical cancer. Your vaginal discharge can also be examined under a microscope to iron out an infectious disease. If your doctor can tell you the cause of your vaginal discharge, you’ll be given medicinal options.
Home or personal care for vaginal discharge
To curtail infections, it’s advised that you practice good hygiene and wear air-free underwear. Also, practice safe sex and use protection to avoid sexual transmitted infections (STIs).
To reduce the likelihood of yeast infections when taking antibiotics, eat more yogurt that contains live and active cultures. If you experience a yeast infection, you can even treat it with yeast infection cream.
In conclusion, one is advised to practice safe sexual intercourse otherwise engage in protected we. Maintain good quality hygiene and always put on air-free underwear.